Amelia Pincherle was born in Venice on January 16, 1870 and she died in Florence on December 26, 1954.
She was the daughter of Giacomo Pincherle and Emilia Capon; she married Joe (Giuseppe Emanuele) Rosselli in Rome on April 3, 1892, and they separated in August 1903; children: Aldo, Carlo and Nello.
She was the mother of Aldo, who died fighting in the First World War, and of Carlo and Nello, antifascists who were assassinated in 1937 by the French Cagoulards on the orders of the Italian Fascist authorities.
She was a remarkable woman, whose life was inspired and influenced by the family legacy of liberal models and social solidarity typical of the Risorgimento. She was well-known among her contemporaries as the author of successful theatre and literary works and for her intense political and social activities; her works were performed in the major Italian and European theatres; her novels were translated into other languages; she was a member of the Executive Committee of the Exhibition of women’s art and craftwork in Rome in 1902; she chaired the Literary Section of the Lyceum Cultural Association of Florence; she collaborated with the best-known publishing houses; she worked during the First World War in the Forces Family Liaison Office; she supported and inspired all the main initiatives to promote women’s culture and in favour of votes for women.
From the Twenties, after her sons Carlo and Nello had begun their political activities, which evolved into an unceasing struggle against Fascism, and would take them to prison, confinement, exile and finally death, Amelia reduced her own literary and political activities to follow and support theirs, finally becoming the mainstay of the family for her daughters-in-law and grandchildren when they were in exile.
After her sons were assassinated, she began her mission to keep their memory sacred, particularly during her exile in America, where she collaborated with people like Garosci and Salvemini who wanted to write about them, making her own memories available to them.
The period she spent in America was particularly intense due to the role of antifascist spokesperson attributed to her by the community of political exiles: she chaired the "Committee for Relief to Victims of Nazi-Fascism in Italy", she shared the activities of the "Women's Division" of the Mazzini Society, and she did not miss an opportunity to ensure that her voice and opinions reached Italy and local Italian communities.
After Amelia’s death in 1954, the Rosselli Archive and her work to preserve the memories of Nello and Carlo was continued by her daughter-in-law Maria, Nello’s widow.
Texts edited by Carla Ceresa and Valeria Mosca
The Rosselli Archive
I Rosselli. Epistolario familiare 1914-1937, a cura di Zeffiro Ciuffoletti, Mondadori, Milano 1997
Politica e affetti familiari. Lettere dei Rosselli ai Ferrero (1917-1943), a cura di Marina Calloni e Lorella Cedroni, Feltrinelli, Milano 1997
Giuseppe Fiori, Casa Rosselli, Einaudi, Torino 1999
Amelia Rosselli Memorie, a cura di Marina Calloni, Il Mulino, Bologna 2001
Lessico familiare. Vita, cultura e politica della famiglia Rosselli all’insegna della libertà, Catalogo a cura di Zeffiro Ciuffoletti e Gian Luca Corradi, Edimond, Città di Castello 2002.